North East Initiative Development Agency (NEIDA) POVERTY ALLEVIATION
North East Initiative Development Agency (NEIDA) is a not-for profit organization founded in 2012 and registered under the Societies Act in Kohima, Nagaland. NEIDA was promoted by the Tata Trusts as the nodal agency for the North East Initiative. Through direct field engagement and in partnership with local NGOs NEIDA works in the areas of i) rural livelihoods ii) safe drinking water and sanitation iv) forest based livelihoods and vi) sports promotion. NEIDA currently operates in three states, namely, Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram and Nagaland. NEIDA engages with community institutions and grassroots Non-Governmental Organizations for implementing various development projects.
One of the key drivers of rural poverty in the mountain states of Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram and Nagaland is the steep hilly terrain. Although the majority of the household have access to community land for farming, cultivable areas are small or far from the residential area. Hilly terrain makes mechanization virtually impossible, which is another disadvantage of this region. Mountain agriculture is comparatively unproductive in case if improper management of soil and water conservation issues, which leads to low productivity. Today, subsistence agriculture remains the mainstay of the economy in all three states.
NEIDA promotes agriculture practices that are ecologically sound and remunerative to the farmers at the same time. The goal is to plan, prioritize and demonstrate how integrated agriculture can be profitable and sustainable undertaking for smallholder farmers. We try to achieve this by intervening in the following areas:
Creating focus on soil rehabilitation, conservation and biomass development through optimised land use for reduction of excessive soil erosion and to improve the nutrient status of soil along with soil depth
Water resource management to support irrigation
Intensification of land use through double cropping
Market oriented fruit and vegetable cultivation
Skill enhancement through performance-enhancement trainings and promotion on demonstration plots for transfer of knowledge
Post-harvest management and market linkages for value addition to the products and increase profitability